Domestic iron and steel industry is now in the plight of the whole industry. Some experts interviewed by reporters recently believe that regulatory policies should jump out of the inertia thinking that only relies on administrative means to control production capacity, and more use of means of interest regulation. It is suggested that the "tax price mechanism" should be used as a new grip to control the market supply and demand through the linkage of tax and price, so as to form the potential of automatic withdrawal of backward production capacity and prevent "the higher the higher".
Malpractice of administrative regulation and control
Song Jijun, vice president of the metallurgical industry association of Hebei Province, said that since 2000, the main line of the regulation policy has been "total control". In the measure, the elimination standard is made with the volume of blast furnace and converter. On the one hand, the means of administrative control lack of operability, such as equipment, capacity and other indicators difficult to verify; on the other hand, enterprises in order to cross the threshold to survive, the survival of the jig, iron and steel production capacity increases. "The administrative approval of iron and steel production capacity control policy has drawbacks, and has not stopped the rapid expansion of steel industry capacity."
An important factor of this phenomenon is that the energy consumption and environmental protection investment of backward steel production is low, the cost of products is low, and the profits of enterprises are high. Under the stimulation of interest, the power of market allocation of resources far exceeds administrative control. In some places, "there are policies and Countermeasures".
The experts said that the central government should make more use of the market means to straighten out the interests and guide the industry through tax and other regulatory policies within the authority of the government, so as to reduce the profits of the backward production enterprises and give the local government taxes.
Tax price + EIA
Like the steel industry, the market driven force is far more powerful than the government. "Macroeconomic regulation and control must be carried out according to the circumstances, and we must solve the chronic diseases by regulating the interests structure." Xue Zhimin, deputy director of the Hebei provincial government research office, said.
Xue Zhimin said that the tax policy should be used well. Tax levers can be "42 kilograms", such as the high tax rate in the past, the tax return to the local, the result of the local liquor factories flooding, in 1994 tax reform after the Levy of consumption tax, all income to the central finance. Where there is no benefit, there are too few wineries.
Xue Zhimin believes that the central government can use the "tax price mechanism", that is, through the systematic design of the tax system, thereby affecting supply and demand and achieving tax price linkage. Xue Zhimin also specifically pointed out that the core of the "tax price mechanism" is the government's design of the tax system according to law.
Many experts suggest that the iron and steel regulation should combine the EIA standard with the "tax price mechanism", making enterprises that do not meet the energy consumption and environmental protection standards, and the local government has no tax, and forms an automatic exit mechanism in the interest relationship.
Wu Xichun, honorary president of the China Iron and Steel Industry Association, said that the actual tax burden of Chinese iron and steel enterprises is very different at present, like a large state-owned enterprise in a province who actually paid 275.43 yuan of income tax, and the income tax of the two small iron and steel enterprises is 44.21 yuan and 31.45 yuan respectively.
Wang Dayong, Secretary General of the metallurgical industry association of Hebei Province, mentioned that China is in the middle stage of industrialization and urbanization, and the construction steel still accounts for about half of the demand for steel. It can not be simply divided into advanced or backward types with the size of the blast furnace.
Exploration of environmental tax
According to Wang Dayong, at present, Hebei, Shandong and other places have been or are declaring the "national steel industry structural adjustment pilot province".
Xue Zhimin suggested that, with the help of the current Hebei province to declare the national steel industrial structure adjustment pilot, from the pilot "environmental tax" cut in, for the national exploration of "environmental tax".
Ge Chazhong, a researcher at the China Academy of Environmental Sciences, said that the income could be used to establish the "iron and steel industry regulation fund", held by the central and Hebei provinces, and the special incentives for iron and steel enterprises to invest in environmental protection and technical reform. Before that, it is suggested that the state speed up the construction of an environmental monitoring network for iron and steel enterprises, so as to provide a scientific basis for the Levy of "environmental tax".
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